Editorial Reviews. About the Author. William Stevenson was born in Britain in He served. The incredible story of an Israeli mission that rescued hostages from a hijacked jetliner. On June 27, , Air France Flight was hijacked by terrorists and flown to Entebbe Airport in Uganda. Operation Thunderbolt: Flight and the Raid on Entebbe Airport, the. any authority from the Ugandan Government' at seven-minute For a detailed account on the facts see: William Stevenson, 90 Minutes at Entebbe: .. pdf> vol II, –
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90 minutes at Entebbe by Stevenson, William, , Bantam Books edition, in English. Operation Entebbe or Operation Thunderbolt was a successful counter-terrorist hostage-rescue The operation, which took a week of planning, lasted 90 minutes. .. Front for the Liberation of Palestine – Israeli Action to liberate Hostages held at Entebbe Airport " (PDF). Keesing's Record of World Events. 99 Minutes at Entebbe . helicopter landed at hrs and, within 30 minutes, 14 aircraft had been destroyed: . The assault had lasted just 90 seconds.
It is hypothesised that removal of helminth infections, which can be achieved with cheap and widely available anthelminthic treatments, would reverse these associations.
Observational studies of the relationship between helminths and HIV have found conflicting results 10 - 13 but a recent systematic review 14 , pooled data from three randomised controlled trials 15 - 17 and concluded there was evidence of a beneficial effect of anthelminthic treatment on markers of HIV disease progression.
Level of HIV load during pregnancy is a key determinant of vertical transmission risk and there is some observational evidence for a positive association between helminth infection and increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV 18 , however we have previously reported finding no benefit of anthelminthic treatment during pregnancy for vertical HIV transmission in a randomised controlled trial To further elucidate the relationship between helminth co-infection and HIV, we report results from the same trial, investigating the impact of helminths and their treatment during pregnancy on viral load in HIV infected women six weeks post-treatment and after delivery.
Pregnant women presenting at the government-funded antenatal clinic at Entebbe General Hospital, who were resident in the study area, planning to deliver in the hospital, willing to know their HIV status, and in the second or third trimester of pregnancy, were eligible for inclusion in EMaBS.
The primary outcomes for EMaBS were response to immunisation and incidence of infectious diseases in the offspring, and vertical transmission of HIV; results for these have been reported elsewhere In this analysis, we examine the effect of anthelminthic treatment on HIV load in the HIV-1 positive mothers in the cohort. The primary outcome for this analysis is viral load during pregnancy, measured at six weeks post treatment, with secondary outcome viral load at delivery. Women were eligible for inclusion in this analysis if they were HIV-1 positive and had viral load measured at enrolment and were excluded if known to be taking ART.
Study design and procedures After obtaining written, informed consent, demographic and clinical details were recorded, blood samples obtained and women requested to return with a stool sample.
The randomisation code was generated by the trial statistician in blocks of Sealed envelopes containing the study intervention were prepared by colleagues at the Medical Research Council Unit in Entebbe with no other involvement in the trial.
Treatments were allocated in numerical order by trained interviewer-counsellors and taken under observation. All participants and staff were blinded to treatment allocation. After enrolment, women continued to receive standard antenatal care, including haematinics, tetanus immunization, and intermittent presumptive treatment for malaria with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine after the first trimester.
Prior to the start of the project, a programme for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission was established at Entebbe Hospital.
In accordance with guidelines current at the time, HIV positive women were counselled and given intrapartum and neonatal single-dose nevirapine for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission Those for whom ART was not yet indicated at enrolment had repeat CD4 counts performed annually or earlier if clinically indicated , to allow referral when necessary.
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Blood samples were collected six weeks after enrolment from mothers who had not yet delivered. Blood samples were also collected from the mother after delivery, and from cord blood. Blood samples were taken from offspring of HIV infected women at six weeks and 18 months of age to assess their HIV-1 status.
Stool samples were collected approximately six weeks after delivery to assess effectiveness of anthelminthic treatment; thereafter all mothers were treated with both praziquantel and albendazole. Parasitology and virology Stool samples were examined for helminth ova using the Kato-Katz method 23 and by charcoal culture for Strongyloides 24 ; two Kato-Katz slides were prepared from each sample and examined within 30 minutes for hookworm ova, the following day for other species.
Urine examination for S. Hookworm and Schistosoma mansoni infections were classified into low, medium and high intensities according to WHO guidelines 25 , HIV serology was performed for mothers by rapid test algorithm Eighteen month samples were tested for HIV using rapid test algorithm.
Statistical analysis The sample size for EMaBS was determined for the primary outcomes of the full trial Viral load data were log10 transformed for analysis. The terrorists who hijacked the Air France Flight were executing a meticulously conceived plan by an international terrorist network controlled by the Soviet Union and directed by terrorist regimes such as that of Libyan mass murderer Muammar Gaddafi.
The terrorist operation was endorsed by the then President of Uganda, Idi Amin Dada, who hosted the terrorists and their operation and gave it every assistance.
After the massacre of Israeli athletes by Palestinian terrorists at the Munich Olympics, Idi Amin had sent a message to the United Nations expressing his joy and appreciation of the murders, adding praise for Hitler's extermination of six million Jews. The author points out a warning that is more pertinent today than ever. As American statesman Daniel Moynihan said at the time of Operation Thunderbolt "Israel has become the metaphor for democracy as much as the utterly as much as the utterly unprincipled attacks by terrorists on Israeli civilians has become a metaphor for the general assault on democracy and decency which is the sustaining ethos of totalitarianism in our time".
Words which are even more true today than at the time they were spoken. Following the rescue operation at Entebbe, Israel was excoriated by the Communist and Arab bloc and Uganda for what was labelled bizarrely as an 'attack on the Third World", completely ignoring the fact that Amin's Uganda had been the aggressor by facilitating the criminal piracy and hostage-taking.
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And yet the world made a lot more sense in An Israeli mother, one of the hostages together with her family asked one of the German hijackers a question as pertinent to pro-Palestinian agitators and terror-instigators as ever today: Hijack planes to help the Jewish people return to their homeland, or do you only do that for the Palestinians?
View all 9 comments. Fantastic read. The book is detailed account of not only the spectacular rescue of hostages from the hijacked plane but also is indepth study of how a few countries including Soviet Union, Uganda, Algeria, Somalia, Sudan and some Arab states used terrorists as a tool to further their agenda. Despite attempts to isolate them internationally, Israel fought back.
The book is a must read to understand how a nation should act in its most critical moments of crisis. Growing up in the s, I remember constantly hearing about hijackings and hostages.
We were at Heathrow Airport once, about to check-in for a flight, when there was a sudden mad rush and everyone was ordered to go and wait in the parking lot because of a possible terrorist attack. Another time, we were in the London Underground and everyone had to rush out because of terrorist fears.
Knowing my love for Israel, my dad has often enjoyed telling me the incredible story about how back in the Growing up in the s, I remember constantly hearing about hijackings and hostages. Knowing my love for Israel, my dad has often enjoyed telling me the incredible story about how back in the Israeli Defense Force secretly flew into Entebbe, Uganda to rescue hostages from a hijacked plane. This was known as Operation Thunderbolt. When I came across this book, I was eager to read it.
The story is amazing, but I do so wish that someone else had written it. The writing was choppy in many parts and I felt that it was detached and dry. For such an amazing event in history, this book was underwhelming. My favorite quote: Too many governments were afraid of offending Arab, African, and Asian sensibilities. View 2 comments. A great story - I've always thought this series of events would be unbelievable as fiction, but they did it. When I went to Marine boot camp in fall of '76, this had happened only a few months earlier, but there was already a TV documentary about it.
The only times our drill instructors turned on the TV in the squadbay were at Christmas and to show us that documentary - the senior drill instructor said, basically, 'Watch and learn. This is what an elite military organization in action looks like A great story - I've always thought this series of events would be unbelievable as fiction, but they did it.
This is what an elite military organization in action looks like. The inside story of the decision process within the Israeli government is a part I hadn't heard much about before, and it's as fascinating as the military action. I am definitely not in the 'Israel can do no wrong' camp as this author seems to be toward the end but in this case I believe they did a hard and necessary thing and did it superbly.
I remember watching the news with my parents in the s and not having the faintest idea why these people were always hijacking planes or getting and killing hostages. It seemed all so complicated. This book is looking at one particular hijacking. It never made it to Paris. In this case, it was the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine PFLP that organized it in I remember watching the news with my parents in the s and not having the faintest idea why these people were always hijacking planes or getting and killing hostages.
In this case, it was the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine PFLP that organized it in the hope that they could bargain with the Israeli government to get a batch of terrorists released from prison in different countries. They divert the plane to Benghazi and then onto Entebbe which is just outside Kampala in Uganda. The President of Uganda at that time was none other than Idi Amin. The book not impartial writing by the way looks at the quandary faced by the Israeli government and then the action it takes to bring the hostages to safety.
Does it negotiate with the terrorists or not? What role did Amin play in this whole hijacking scenario? For me, this was the intriguing conundrum. His actions and that of his army are quite telling. The whole book is quite functional and a little cold. Mar 31, Calzean rated it it was ok Shelves: The rescue of the hijacked Jewish passengers and Air France crew from Entebbe in tells of a remarkable set of events and bravery of various people.
Unfortunately I think the book was rushed into print at the time as it jumps around and needs a good edit. As a result it seems to give only a glimpse of what actually went on. Jul 24, Dr. Awkward rated it really liked it Recommends it for: Historians, military historians, Judaeophiles. We would give this book its five full stars were it not for Exciting and in-depth report of an amazing incident -- feels like fiction, but it rings of the truth!
Dec 16, Andrew rated it did not like it Shelves: The raid on Entebbe was a huge event in the history of the war on terror and in the foundation of special operations for the world's militaries. The author did a terrible, terrible job of describing one of the greatest special operations missions in the twentieth century. The book uses a news format which doesn't work very well.
It jumps from subject to subject and person to person too quickly and inconsistently to allow the reader the chance to develop a timeline and perception of the events. A The raid on Entebbe was a huge event in the history of the war on terror and in the foundation of special operations for the world's militaries. Also only a tenth of the book actually describes the raid itself. The rest is interviews with the major players. Basically your getting 10 pages of sweet story and pages of shit.
If you want to read a good book on entebbe find another one. Children of the 21st century of which I have two have only known of terror being carried out by Muslim extremists against the nations of the West. In my youth, terrorist organizations such as the Japanese Red Army, the Baader-Meinhof gang as well as infamous terrorists like Carlos The Jackal were regular news stories in the s as these groups agitated for Palestinian autonomy, the political isolation of Israel, and the furtherance of communist aims.
One of these terrorist acts was the Children of the 21st century of which I have two have only known of terror being carried out by Muslim extremists against the nations of the West. One of these terrorist acts was the hijacking of Air France flight which was hijacked after leaving Athens on its way to Paris.
The flight had originated in Tel Aviv and as such carried many Israelis. After a layover in Bengazi, Lybia, the flight continued to its final destination of Entebbe, Uganda. William Stevenson's account of the week between the hijacking and their eventual rescue by the IAF is quick read, but by no means is it surface-level.
There are a lot of moving parts in this narrative. While Israel can be seen sometimes as divided, it is only because there is a lot riding on each and every action they take.
Every factor is taken into account in making a decision, because their very nationhood lies at stake as no other nation on earth. The government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin struggled to balance their national security needs against those of the hijack victims families who sought their immediate return. It was not even certain that "Track B" - the attempted rescue - would happen until the very last minute.
The book relies and discussions with various Israeli officials and the diary a young man kept during his captivity. This can be read in short order and provides valuable insight into the inner workings of a nation in crisis. The book version of "Raid on Entebbe" that brings 20th century terrorist activities to life. Oct 27, Chandra Nataraja rated it it was amazing. Why is Israel such a powerful nation today?
Read this unbelievable rescue story to understand the resilience of the nation, its leadership and courage. Shows how to treat terror with tact, guile, speed and decisiveness. In the entire operation, only one member of the Israeli rescue team was lost. It shows the meticulous planning, execution and conviction of the entire team. One cannot belie Why is Israel such a powerful nation today?
One cannot believe that the entire rescue was conceived in less than a week and executed in even less time. This book also provides good insights to key African nations and their alignment to world affairs. If you want to know a bit about Idi Amin, here is something Jan 31, Dan rated it really liked it.
I read this book 31 years ago, when I was in grade 7.
It was on a rack of paperback "extra reading" books that had been put out by the librarian and teachers of my tiny 65 student Catholic elementary school in rural Western Canada.
That's 65 students including all of grades 1 through 8! I found it an exciting read when I was 12 years old and it made a big impression on my young mind.
The bravery and heroism of the Israelis rang as true and just. In retrospect, I think that this book, along with I read this book 31 years ago, when I was in grade 7. In retrospect, I think that this book, along with the 's TV miniseries Sword of Gideon, helped to inoculate me against the rabid anti-Israel and anti-Western ideas that were the rule on campus in my later university years. Dec 08, Terry rated it really liked it. This book is a great account of the raid on Entebbe that freed a plane full of mostly Israeli passengers from terrorists hiding out under the protection of Idi Amin, Uganda's strongman.
The event was a stunning victory by Israeli special forces and Mossad.
It helped to create an aura of invincibility that undoubtedly deterred other terrorist attacks in the years that followed. A handful of lives were lost and the Uganda's exacted some revenge on people left behind, however it was considered to be This book is a great account of the raid on Entebbe that freed a plane full of mostly Israeli passengers from terrorists hiding out under the protection of Idi Amin, Uganda's strongman.
A handful of lives were lost and the Uganda's exacted some revenge on people left behind, however it was considered to be a national victory in Israel. Very interesting book! Mar 14, Natan rated it it was amazing Shelves: The Entebbe operation is one of the most daring, spectacular and successful military operations of the 20th century.
It is not so well-known outside of Israel, but I think most readers will find this book hard to put down. The book does full justice to the military , political and humanitarian sides of the story. Feb 11, Ashish rated it it was amazing. This is one of books which can give you chills. Amazingly written and must read for non-fiction lovers. In the end you probably realize the power, courage and reach of Israel.
Aug 30, Rod Innis rated it it was amazing. A great book - very interesting event in the history of Israel.
90 minutes at Entebbe
The brother of the present Prime-Minister of Israel was the only man killed in this operation. Sep 30, Pankaj bisht rated it really liked it.The Golani force led by Col.
Air Force C Hercules parked in front. The reality of this story, the gritty determination and courage of the Israeli personnel resonates just as clearly today. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. More Details He said that a French-Jewish passenger who had a military background and "a phenomenal memory" provided detailed information about the number of weapons carried by the hostage-takers.
Archived from the original on 21 July Uri Dan was born in The Israelis abandoned this plan because they lacked the necessary time and also because they had received word that Lake Victoria was inhabited by the Nile crocodile.